Dr. Kleeman has been trained in two medical specialties.
Gynecology is a medical specialty focused on the care of women, more specifically the medical care for the reproductive system. gynecology differs from obstetrics in the sense that obstetrics is concerned with the pregnant state of the reproductive system in women, while gynecology focuses on the non-pregnant state. Nonetheless, many gynecologists are also obstetricians, denoted by the acronym OB/GYN or OB-GYN.
Gynecologists utilize a variety of diagnostic techniques and procedures including pap smears, pelvic ultrasounds, dilation and curettage procedures (D & C), hysterectomies, STD testing and endometrial and cervical biopsies, among others. Gynecologists are trained to identify disorders and diseases affecting the ovaries, vagina, vulva, cervix, uterus, breasts and oviducts. Gynecologists are able to diagnose and treat conditions such as infections, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), congenital defects, infertility, tumors, menopause, inflammations and incontinence, among many others.
Although gynecology mainly focuses on the reproductive health of women, this area of medicine is also concerned with their overall health. Gynecologists generally share close relationships with their patients, creating a relationship based on trust and familiarity between patient and doctor, which assists in the delivery of care. Gynecologists are trained to educate women on sexual health, risk factors for disease, preparations for conception, and nutritional and exercise planning, among other areas.
Learn more about gynecology at MD.com.
Urology is a medical specialty that provides care for diseases of the urinary tract in both men and women, as well as reproductive health in men (gynecologists provide care for reproductive health in women). Physicians that practice urology, known as urologists, are trained to provide both surgical and non-surgical care. Within urology, there are many subspecialties, including pediatric urology, urologic oncology (cancer of the male reproductive system), male infertility and neurourology, among others.
Urologists are trained to provide care for the genitourinary tract, which includes the kidneys, bladder and genital structures in both sexes, as well as the testicles and prostate in men. Patients of all ages may see the urologists for a variety of symptoms including difficulties in emptying the bladder, incontinence, discomfort during urination, blood in the urine, complications involving intercourse. Urologists employ a variety of tests and diagnostic procedures when diagnosing patients. These include BPH symptom score questionnaires, digital rectal examinations (DREs), urinalyses (urine tests), abdominal or renal ultrasounds, bladder biopsies, cystoscopies, kidney-ureter bladder X-rays and urodynamic testing, among other procedures.
After arriving at a diagnosis, the urologist has a variety of surgical and non-surgical treatment procedures and techniques at his/her disposal. Depending upon the precise diagnosis and the patient’s health, the urologist will craft a personalized treatment plan. For example, if kidney stones are detected, the urologist may employ lithotripsy, percutaneous stone removal, ureteroscopy or open surgery. Each treatment plan will vary from one patient to the next.
Learn more about urology at MD.com.